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Doctors who treat MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( MI ) or similar ailments belong to following departments:
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Cardiology;Cardio-thoracic and Vascular surgery;

Cardiology , Cardio-thoracic and Vascular surgery



Also known as Myocardial Infarction, Acute Coronary syndrome.

ABOUT THE DISEASE

A heart attack happens when there is a blockage in the coronary arteries that supply blood to heart muscles leading to their damage or death. This is caused due to a lack of oxygen which is carried in the blood. Heart attacks are usually treatable when treatment is offered quickly. However, without treatment, heart attacks can be fatal.

MI

SYMPTOMS

  • • Almost always start with a chest discomfort, which may feel like pain or pressure coupled with heaviness or burning (also called Angina)
  • • Pain or discomfort in the neck, shoulders, lower jaw, arms, upper back or abdomen.
  • • Shortness of breath
  • • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • • Unusual sweating
  • • Fatigue
  • • Heart palpitations

DIAGNOSIS

- ECG
- Echocardiogram
- Nuclear imaging
- Coronary Angiography

CAUSES

Common risk factors for a heart attack include:
- Smoking
- Diabetes
- Age-(men older than 45 years & women older than 55 years of age)
- High cholesterol level
- High blood pressure
- Hereditary factors - Family history of heart attack
- Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
- Lack of exercise
- Stress
- Obesity
- Sex (Males have a higher tendency to suffer from this disease)

TREATMENT METHODS

In most cases an urgent care is required - mostly the patient is taken into an intensive care unit, where the first line of treatment is to prevent any further clots to form / break the clot (to be given within the first three hours post the attack - thrombolytic therapy) and reduce pain along with providing the much needed oxygen.

This is mostly followed with an Angioplasty to place a stent in the affected artery and in some cases might require an open heart surgery/CABG.


You may also like to learn about:

Heart block
Cardiomegaly
Diabetes mellitus
Heart valve disease
Cardiomyopathy
Angina


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If you want to search  Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgeons in different cities then click on the appropriate link below
....and many more,For searching doctors in other cities go to our Doctor Search and seacrh by name , specialization and locality...etc
Recent Patient's Queries for  MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION ( MI )
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chest pain not healing for the past 2 days, can it be MI? How do I know?
Chest pain started as lik pain due to acidity but not reducing from 2 days and ...
Male 53 , Bhadrak

22

1 Day Ago

Need your support for the CABG treatment of my father-in-law at Coimbatore.
Good Morning Doctor, Thank you for your time Doctor. We have heard about ...
Male 72 ,

41

2 Day Ago