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Doctors who treat RENAL FAILURE CHRONIC or similar ailments belong to following departments:
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Nephrology;Transplant Surgery;

Nephrology , Transplant Surgery



Also known as Chronic Renal disease, Chronic kidney disease, Chronic Renal Failure.

ABOUT THE DISEASE

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are located at the back, on either side of spine, just underneath the rib cage. They are about as big as a fist and are responsible for making urine by filtering wastes and extra water out of the body. The kidneys also produce certain necessary hormones (erythropoietin, renin, and calcitriol) and help in regulating blood pressure by producing life-sustaining chemicals.

Chronic kidney disease is the slow loss of kidney functioning over time. Losing their ability to filter enough waste products from the blood, they also lose the ability to regulate the body`s balance of salt and water. Eventually, the kidneys slow their production of urine or stop producing it completely. This can lead to a life-threatening overload of fluids. It can also lead to a dangerous build up of waste products in the blood. These changes can affect the functioning of the heart (heart failure) and brain.

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms take time to develop and include:

  • • Headache
  • • Weakness and fatigue
  • • Itching and dry skin
  • • Vomiting
  • • Pale skin
  • • Slowing of growth in children
  • • Tiredness
  • • Poor appetite
  • • Increased thirst
  • • High blood pressure
  • • Bone damage in adults
  • • Swelling of feet and hands (edema)
  • • Sleep problems - insomnia
  • • Low drive for sex

CRF

CAUSES

High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes are the two most common causes.

Other common factors include:
- Polycystic kidney disease.
- Glomerulonephritis.
- Alport syndrome.
- The flow of urine out of the kidney is blocked (obstructive uropathy).
- Long-term exposure to lead, mercury, and other chemicals and medicines.
- Kidney stones with infection.
- Reflux nephropathy.
- Pain medicine overuse.

DIAGNOSIS

- Measuring blood pressure
- Urine Test for the presence of albumin or other proteins
- Serum creatinine to calculate glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
- Blood urea nitrogen
- Serum electrolytes
- Imaging tests-Ultrasound/MRI/CT scan

TREATMENT METHODS

- Antihypertensive medication

- Low-protein and low-salt diet

- Reduced fluid intake

- Controlling blood sugar

- Regular exercise

- In case the disease is not controlled in time it might lead to a need for Dialysis or a Renal Transplant.


You may also like to learn about:

Renal failure acute
Kidney cancer
Kidney stones/calculi
Polycystic kidney
Hydronephrosis
Glomerulonephritis


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Need to know that EECP can be taken instead of Bypass surgery?
My dad is affected by cardiac disease and advised to go for bypass surgery. But...
Male 61 , Pondicherry

27

1 Day Ago

Is dialysis the only option to low down creatinine level?
Sir I have a diabetes patient and the diabetic is from 20 yrs. now his creatin...
Male 67 , Patna

19

39 Mins Ago

Pls recommend good good nephrologist in Bangalore.
patient is suffering from kidney related issue.Her creatinine lavel is 6.3 now....
Female 65 , Bangalore

05

25 Mins Ago

Please give suggestion renal transplant.
I am a Doctor 65 years male diabetic for 33 yrs hypertensive for 32 yrs, CKD fo...
Male 65 , Tirupattur

00

20 Mins Ago

Need second opinion for heart treatment along with kidney disease.
Hi I am a chronic kidney disease patient and a heart patient. I suffered a ma...
Male 70 , Gurgaon

50

2 Day Ago
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