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Doctors who treat KIDNEY STONES / CALCULI or similar ailments belong to following departments:
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Nephrology;Urology;

Nephrology , Urology



Also known as Kidney stone

ABOUT THE DISEASE

Kidney removes waste product from the blood in the form of urine. Kidney stones or calculi get formed when chemicals in the urine become concentrated to the point that they form solid crystals. Smaller stones pass out on their own however larger stones might become lodged in the urinary tract i.e ureter, bladder and urethra or the kidney causing severe pain, blockage or infection.

Kidney Stone

CAUSES

There are various kinds of kidney stones, caused due to accumulation of calcium, ammonia(struvite stone), uric acid or cystine(cystinuria). Some of the common risk factors associated with these are as follows:

- Drinking less water
- Genetic factors esp cystinuria (runs in the families)
- Urinary tract infections esp struvite stone
- Gout or chemotherapy esp in the case of uric acid stones
- Some kinds of medications

SYMPTOMS

Mostly associated with a severe cramping pain in the lower back or side. The pain usually moves down towards the abdomen, groin or genitals as the stone moves down the urinary tract. Some of the other symptoms may include:

  • • Nausea and vomiting
  • • Chills
  • • Cloudy or bloody urine
  • • Fever
  • • Increased urinary frequency

DIAGNOSIS

- Physical examination
- Abdominal CT scan/ultrasound
- IVP
- Blood tests to check calcium, phosphorus, uric acid, and electrolyte levels
- Kidney function tests

TREATMENT METHODS

- Smaller stones might pass off on their own and doctors might ask you to drink more fluids alongwith some medicines coupled with some painkillers.

- Extracorporeal shock-wave treatment i.e Lithotripsy: For slightly larger stones but smaller than a half an inch that are located near the kidney or ureter.

- Ureteroscopy may be used for stones in the lower urinary tract.

- An open surgery (nephrolithotomy) may be needed in some cases.


You may also like to learn about:

Urinary tract infection
Gallstones
Stricture urethra
Calculus Pancreatic
Calculus Biliary
Abdominal pain


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Recent Patient's Queries for  KIDNEY STONES / CALCULI
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What treatment do you suggest for my Kidney stone problem?
AS PER REPORT OF ATULYA RADIOLOGY CLINIC, AMRITSAR ULTRASONOGRAPHY REPORT Th...
Female 47 , Amritsar

50

2 Day Ago

Can kidney stones be cured with medicines without surgery?
Sir, I have renal cyst of size 18mm in the upper pole and 10mm in the lower p...
Female 26 , Imphal

49

2 Day Ago

Suggest us the cost for RIRS and PCNL at Kolkata.
My uncle is a Van driver. few days ago he did a little accident and started his...
Male 38 ,

09

29 Mins Ago

Need best advice for treatment of kidney stone at Kolkata.
Dear Sir My younger brother has been suffering a severe kidney problem. As per...
Male 26 , Kolkata

31

1 Day Ago

Need details for kidney stones treatment at Visakhapatnam.
I have One 15MM stone and two smaller size stones (less than 3 mm) in Right kid...
Male 55 , Visakhapatnam

18

38 Mins Ago
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