Also known as : Renal Replacement Therapy, Kidney Dialysis
Dialysis is given when kidney functions have largely deteriorated and the waste material is getting accumulated in the body, as in End Stage Renal Disease(ESRD) and Acute Renal Failure(ARF). It thus helps to save life by replacing the critical functions of the kidney. It helps to sustain life when kidney transplant is not immediately possible to be done. It is of two main types-Hemodialysis(where the dialysis machine pumps blood through the dialyzer which cleans the blood and is then returned to the bloodstream) and Peritoneal dialysis(utilizes the lining of the abdominal cavity for the exchange). Depending on the condition of the patient, the dialysis sessions may be scheduled once to thrice per week or more. It is given under supervision of a Nephrologist.