ENDOMETRIOSIS

Doctors who treat ENDOMETRIOSIS or similar ailments belong to following departments:
To Find relevant doctors click on the department name
.

Gynaecology and Obstetrics;;

Gynaecology and Obstetrics

ABOUT THE DISEASE

The inner lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. During the menstrual period, the lining of the endometrium is shed through the vagina. The word "endometriosis" means a problem with the lining of the uterus. In endometriosis, fragments of endometrium move through the fallopian tubes and develop in places other than the inner lining of the uterus. These fragments may develop on the ovaries, in the pelvis, bladder, on the fallopian tubes, the vagina, the peritoneum, or the intestine.

During the menstrual period, this tissue swells and bleeds, just like the lining of uterus. This is often painful, and scar tissue can form in the pelvic area.

Mild forms of endometriosis are common and may not require treatment. Endometriosis can make it difficult for a woman to become pregnant.

Endometriosis

CAUSES

No known causes for the same have been identified. One theory is that the endometrial cells that shed when a woman gets her period may travel backwards through the fallopian tubes into the pelvis, where they implant and grow. This is called retrograde menstruation. Any woman who has menstrual periods can get endometriosis. Endometriosis occurs most often between the ages of 25 and 40, but it can also occur in younger women. In rare cases, this condition may also persist after menopause in some women.

SYMPTOMS

The following symptoms may or may not be present and the severity of the problem and the severity of the symptoms have no correlation.

  • • Painful menstrual cramps at the start of periods
  • • Painful sex
  • • Difficulty becoming pregnant
  • • Abdominal cramps or back pain during menstruation
  • • Painful bowel movements

DIAGNOSIS

- Medical history
- Pelvic exam
- Transvaginal ultrasound
- Laparoscopy

TREATMENT METHODS

The treatment plan depends upon the age of the patient, whether the patient wishes to get pregnant and also on the severity of the symptoms. Medicines help to reduce the size of tissue growth and to relieve painful symptoms.

Treatment for endometriosis symptoms may include:

  • • Birth control pills
  • • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • • Hormone therapy and
  • • Progestins

Surgery may be recommended if pain is severe and does not get better with other treatments. During surgery/Pelvic laparoscopy, the endometrial tissue is removed from the wrong places. In very severe cases, hysterectomy may be recommended.

In cases of mild and severe endometriosis, infertility treatment options like artificial insemination and/or in vitro fertilization (IVF) may be considered.


You may also like to learn about:

Uterine Fibroid
Adenomyosis
Infertility
Dyspareunia
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB)
Menopause


Sponsored Links

If you want to search  Gynaecologist and Obstetricians in different cities then click on the appropriate link below
....and many more,For searching doctors in other cities go to our Doctor Search and seacrh by name , specialization and locality...etc
Recent Patient's Queries for  ENDOMETRIOSIS
To connect with patients with similar ailments:
click on the relevant patients queries below or to join a new patient community now Click Here

To connect with fellow patients click on the query subject Views Latest Activity
Best Treatment for Endometriosis
my wife is 41 year old and in March, 2011 she is detected to have endometriosis...
Female 41 , Hyderabad
00 20 Mins Ago
Looking for endometriosis specialist surgeon in bangalore
Looking for endometriosis specialist surgeon. My wife possesing the symptoms an...
Female 26 , Bangalore
04 24 Mins Ago
Please suggest what shall we do to treat Endeometrossis.
My wife is suffering from heavy pelvic & abdominal pain from last 2 months . We...
Female 30 , Pune
35 1 Day Ago
endometriosis diagnosed,can i wait or should conceive at the earliest?
Hello doc i have been facing pain during first 2 days of my periods from teenag...
Female 25 , Ludhiana
55 2 Day Ago
Best Treatment for Endometriosis
my wife is 41 year old and in March, 2011 she is detected to have endometriosis...
Female 41 , Hyderabad
00 20 Mins Ago
123456
Search Doctors by Area in