SQUINT

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Ophthalmology;;

Ophthalmology

Also known as Squint

ABOUT THE DISEASE

A squint, also known as strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not align properly, one of them turns inwards, upwards, downwards, or outwards while the other one focuses at one spot. Typically, the extraocular muscles are not working in coordination, so that each eye is unable to gaze at the same spot at the same time.

Squints are common and affect around one in 20 children. They usually develop before five years of age, but can appear at any age. It can be intermittent or constant.

Strabismus

SYMPTOMS

A typical symptom of squint is that both eyeballs are not aligned properly and point in different directions. In the majority of cases, one eye looks straight whereas the other eye turns inwards, or less often outwards, upwards or downwards. Other symptoms include eye fatigue, double vision, reading difficulty, loss of depth perception, tilted head to focus properly.

CAUSES

The exact causes are unknown but it is mainly presumed to be due to dioptric defects, movement defects of the eye muscles or their nerve supply. Other causes include down syndrome, cerebral palsy, retinoblastoma, etc (in children) and diabetes, myasthenia gravis, Grave`s disease, brain tumor, eye surgery, etc (in adults).

DIAGNOSIS

- Clinical evaluation
- Proper Eye check up

TREATMENT METHODS

The primary goal of treatment is to preserve or restore as much visual function as possible.
The treatment varies depending on the exact type and cause of the strabismus. If left untreated, there is a serious risk of complications, such as amblyopic (lazy eye), persistent double/blurred vision and may lead to low self-esteem.

Treatment options include:

  1. Glasses
  2. Eye patch
  3. Botulinum toxin injection (botox)
  4. Eye exercises
  5. Surgery, is advised only when other treatments have not been effective. It can restore binocular vision, as well as realign the eyes.

You may also like to learn about:

Amblyopia
Retinoblastoma
Headache
Vision impairment
Astigmatism
Diplopia


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Provide me the detailed information about squint treatment.
Currently, I am 24. I have a squint on my left, due to some sickness at age 4 I...
Female 24 , Erode
08 28 Mins Ago
Suffering from Amblyopia and squint - what is the possible treatment?
Hi Doc, I have two eye problems, One is Amblyopia and other is Squint that i...
Male 23 , Indore
47 2 Day Ago
Need treatment for Squint Eye problem of 2yr old baby.
Squint Eye problem of 2 years old baby, need to know the treatment process...
Female 2 , Patna
39 1 Day Ago
I have squint in my left eye since birth, can it be completely cured?
I have squint in my left eye since birth. would like to now if the same could b...
Female 31 , Delhi
20 1 Day Ago
What is the cost of treatment for squint in the eyes and does it require surgery?
dear doctor, my son who is 4 years old has squint eyes,we would like to kindly ...
Male 4 , Bangalore
05 25 Mins Ago
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