RENAL FAILURE CHRONIC

Doctors who treat RENAL FAILURE CHRONIC or similar ailments belong to following departments:
To Find relevant doctors click on the department name
.

Nephrology;Transplant Surgery;

Nephrology , Transplant Surgery

Also known as Chronic Renal disease, Chronic kidney disease, Chronic Renal Failure.

ABOUT THE DISEASE

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that are located at the back, on either side of spine, just underneath the rib cage. They are about as big as a fist and are responsible for making urine by filtering wastes and extra water out of the body. The kidneys also produce certain necessary hormones (erythropoietin, renin, and calcitriol) and help in regulating blood pressure by producing life-sustaining chemicals.

Chronic kidney disease is the slow loss of kidney functioning over time. Losing their ability to filter enough waste products from the blood, they also lose the ability to regulate the body's balance of salt and water. Eventually, the kidneys slow their production of urine or stop producing it completely. This can lead to a life-threatening overload of fluids. It can also lead to a dangerous build up of waste products in the blood. These changes can affect the functioning of the heart (heart failure) and brain.

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms take time to develop and include:

  • • Headache
  • • Weakness and fatigue
  • • Itching and dry skin
  • • Vomiting
  • • Pale skin
  • • Slowing of growth in children
  • • Tiredness
  • • Poor appetite
  • • Increased thirst
  • • High blood pressure
  • • Bone damage in adults
  • • Swelling of feet and hands (edema)
  • • Sleep problems - insomnia
  • • Low drive for sex

CRF

CAUSES

High blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes are the two most common causes.

Other common factors include:
- Polycystic kidney disease.
- Glomerulonephritis.
- Alport syndrome.
- The flow of urine out of the kidney is blocked (obstructive uropathy).
- Long-term exposure to lead, mercury, and other chemicals and medicines.
- Kidney stones with infection.
- Reflux nephropathy.
- Pain medicine overuse.

DIAGNOSIS

- Measuring blood pressure
- Urine Test for the presence of albumin or other proteins
- Serum creatinine to calculate glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
- Blood urea nitrogen
- Serum electrolytes
- Imaging tests-Ultrasound/MRI/CT scan

TREATMENT METHODS

- Antihypertensive medication

- Low-protein and low-salt diet

- Reduced fluid intake

- Controlling blood sugar

- Regular exercise

- In case the disease is not controlled in time it might lead to a need for Dialysis or a Renal Transplant.


You may also like to learn about:

Renal failure acute
Kidney cancer
Kidney stones/calculi
Polycystic kidney
Hydronephrosis
Glomerulonephritis


Sponsored Links

If you want to search  Nephrologists in different cities then click on the appropriate link below
....and many more,For searching doctors in other cities go to our Doctor Search and seacrh by name , specialization and locality...etc
If you want to search  Transplant Surgeons in different cities then click on the appropriate link below
....and many more,For searching doctors in other cities go to our Doctor Search and seacrh by name , specialization and locality...etc
Recent Patient's Queries for  RENAL FAILURE CHRONIC
To connect with patients with similar ailments:
click on the relevant patients queries below or to join a new patient community now Click Here

To connect with fellow patients click on the query subject Views Latest Activity
Need to know that EECP can be taken instead of Bypass surgery?
My dad is affected by cardiac disease and advised to go for bypass surgery. But...
Male 61 , Pondicherry
27 1 Day Ago
Is dialysis the only option to low down creatinine level?
Sir I have a diabetes patient and the diabetic is from 20 yrs. now his creatin...
Male 67 , Patna
19 39 Mins Ago
Pls recommend good good nephrologist in Bangalore.
patient is suffering from kidney related issue.Her creatinine lavel is 6.3 now....
Female 65 , Bangalore
05 25 Mins Ago
Please give suggestion renal transplant.
I am a Doctor 65 years male diabetic for 33 yrs hypertensive for 32 yrs, CKD fo...
Male 65 , Tirupattur
00 20 Mins Ago
Need second opinion for heart treatment along with kidney disease.
Hi I am a chronic kidney disease patient and a heart patient. I suffered a ma...
Male 70 , Gurgaon
50 2 Day Ago
12345678910...
Search Doctors by Area in