MYASTHENIA GRAVIS

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Neurology;;

Neurology

ABOUT THE DISEASE

Myasthenia gravis is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes certain muscles to become weak. It affects the skeletal (voluntary) muscles of the body, especially that of eyes, mouth, throat, and limbs. This muscle weakness increases during periods of activity and improves after periods of rest.

Myasthenia gravis

SYMPTOMS

  • • Visual problems, like drooping eyelids (ptosis) and double vision (diplopia).
  • • Severe muscle weakness and fatigue, that may vary in intensity over days or hours.
  • • Facial muscle involvement causing a mask-like appearance.
  • • Difficulty in swallowing and/or pronouncing words.
  • • Weakness of the neck and/or limbs.

CAUSES

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease. This means that the immune system (which normally protects the body from infections) mistakenly attacks itself. These antibodies block, alter, or destroy the receptors for acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction, thus preventing muscle contraction.

DIAGNOSIS

- Clinical Evaluation
- Blood tests - for antibodies
- Electromyogram (EMG)

TREATMENT METHODS

There is no cure for MG, but the symptoms can generally be controlled. The goal of treatment is to increase general muscle function and prevent secondary respiratory and nutritional problems since the swallowing and breathing muscles are affected by this condition.

Treatment may include:

  • • Medications - anticholinesterase medications, such as Prostigmin or Tensilon; steroids; and/or immunosuppressive medications.
  • Thymectomy - surgical removal of the thymus gland.
  • • Plasmapheresis - a procedure done to remove abnormal antibodies from the blood and replace it with normal antibodies through donated blood.
  • • Immunoglobulin – given intravenously to decrease the immune system attack on the nervous system.

You may also like to learn about:

Thymoma
Ptosis
Dysphagia
Guillain Barre syndrome
Parkinsons disease
Movement disorder


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Will thymectomy work for me? Pls advice.
I am suffering from ocular mysthenia gravis mild since 2013 and after remission...
Male 63 , Aurangabad (Maharashtra)
26 1 Day Ago
please tell me the cost of thymectomy surgery
please tell me the cost of thymectomy surgery.I want to do the least invasive s...
Female 20 , Delhi
47 2 Day Ago
What is the treatment for Myasthenia gravis?
My Father in law has been diagnosed with the problem of mysthenia Gravis & thyr...
Male 57 , Ludhiana
37 1 Day Ago
Looking for the best doctor for my son, suffering from Myasthenia gravis.
I want to know the best doctor for mysthenia grevis for my 4 year baby in delhi...
Female 4 , Delhi
01 21 Mins Ago
Please suggest best doctor to operate Myasthenia gravis in Jaipur
Please suggest best doctor to operate Myasthenia gravis in Jaipur,Rajasthan,Ind...
Male 24 , Jaipur
00 20 Mins Ago
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