KNEE REPLACEMENT

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Orthopaedics;;

Orthopaedics

ABOUT KNEE REPLACEMENT

Also known as Knee Arthroplasty

Knee replacement is a procedure in which damaged or diseased parts of the knee joint are removed and replaced with new artificial parts, which may be made up of combination of metal, plastic or ceramic.

It may be considered as a treatment option when non surgical methods do not bring desired relief and the joint is severely damaged.

Joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain, correct leg deformity, and thus help to improve knee joint functioning.

Most common cause for replacement is seen in joints affected by-
Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Post traumatic arthritis.

DURATION

Single knee replacement usually takes 2-3 hours. Hospital stay is of 5-10 days.

RECOVERY

Physical therapy is started the next day of operation. You are advised to walk with walker from the next day.

One can resume routine activities in 3-4 weeks after the surgery and an active lifestyle in about 6 weeks. You would be advised to refrain from doing certain high impact activities like jogging and jumping etc.

RISKS

- Infection
- Pain
- Venous thromboembolism
- Neurovascular injury
- Implant problems

PROCEDURE

It can be done under general, spinal, or epidural anaesthesia.

Through an incision made on the skin, the damaged cartilage surfaces at the ends of the femur and tibia are removed along with a small amount of underlying bone. These are replaced with a metal component which is cemented or press-fit into the bone. A medical-grade plastic spacer is inserted between the metal components to create a smooth gliding surface.

This is termed as Total Knee Replacement.

TKR

There can be Partial/Unicompartmental Knee Replacement- when arthritis is confined to single compartment of the knee. Only the damaged portion is replaced, leaving the normal portion as such.

If needed, both knee joints can be replaced simultaneously.


You may also like to learn about:

ACL injury
Ankylosing spondylitis
Meniscal tear
Osteoarthritis
Knee pain
Bone cancer


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Suggest good knee replacement ortho doctor at Jaipur.
My mother is having KNEE Pain since 3-4yrs. She is taking medical treatment but...
Female 50 , Dausa
17 37 Mins Ago
Need to Consult the best Doctor for knee joint problem in Delhi.
pat Age: 62Yrs Medical History: 1. The patient was having knee pain and probl...
Female 62 , Delhi
55 2 Day Ago
looking for best treatment of knee replacement in ranchi.
hello! my mother went for a knee replacement both leg in aug 2014. she got inf...
Female 62 , Ranchi
52 2 Day Ago
My mother who is 82 years has been advised to go for knee replacement, is it safe at this age?
My mother who is 82 years has a severe problem of walking.One of the legs has d...
Female 82 , Panchkula
13 33 Mins Ago
Give the appx Cost of the Knee replacement procedure at Chennai.
My mother 70 year old want KNee Replacement procedure at chennai we need the m...
Female 70 , Tiruchirapalli
12 32 Mins Ago
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