KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION

Doctors who treat KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION or similar ailments belong to following departments:
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Nephrology;Transplant Surgery;Urology

Nephrology , Transplant Surgery , Urology

Patients with chronic renal failure or end stage renal disease may be advised Kidney transplant as a treatment option. Without long-term dialysis or a kidney transplant, the disease would prove to be fatal.

Source of kidney (for transplantation) can be a living donor or a deceased (non-living/cadaver) donor. Living donors can be related or unrelated to the patient. Chances of match are better if the donor is a blood relative. Cadaver organ comes from brain dead people who have willed their kidneys before their death or is donated by their family members at the time of death.

All donors are carefully screened and matched so that the recipient has maximum chances of a successful transplant.

PROCEDURE

Retrieval of the donor organ from a live donor is done under general anaesthesia. Open nephrectomy involves incision through the side or front of the abdomen. The kidney and an attached portion of ureter are removed after cutting and clamping its blood vessels. The incision is then resutured.

This process can also be done through laparoscopic route which is minimally invasive and promotes faster recovery.

Similar procedure is followed for cadaver organ where both kidneys are removed at the same time.

The donor kidney is placed on ice and flushed with a cold preservative solution. The transplant is then done as early as possible.

The recipient, under general anaesthesia, is transplanted the new kidney which is placed on the lower side of the abdomen below the existing non-functional kidney. It is surgically connected to nearby blood vessels. The ureter of the new kidney is attached to the kidney recipient's bladder.

The patient's existing, diseased kidneys may or may not be removed.

DURATION

The transplant operation takes about three to four hours. Hospital stay of approximately 10 days would be needed.

RECOVERY

Some pain and discomfort in the area of surgery is commonly experienced, which is controlled by medication. There could be numbness, caused by severed nerves, near the incision.

Recipient is given immunosuppressants to prevent the body's immune system from rejecting the new kidney. The transplanted kidney may start functioning immediately or may take few weeks to function normally.

The kidney donor faces no problems by donating one kidney, as the remaining kidney is sufficient for normal functioning.

RISKS

As with any other surgery, there is risk of bleeding, infection, etc.

The recipient is more prone to infections as the body immunity is suppressed, so due care has to be taken. There is risk of rejection of the new kidney as the body considers it to be a foreign object. It may occur soon after transplantation, or several months or years after the procedure has taken place.

The success of a kidney transplant depends on the quality of the match between donor and recipient and the skills of the surgeon.

Kidney transplant laws in India

According to the Indian Law, close relatives of recipient like parents, children, siblings, spouse can donate the organ. For non related donor, an approval has to be taken from the government authorization committee. No commercial transaction is permitted and we do not arrange donors. Some legal formalities are to be completed through the respective Embassy and details would be made available in case you plan to get the surgery done in India.


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Recent Patient's Queries for  KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION
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Pls advice me - what to do, incase of TPA antibodies rejection post kidney transplant surgery?
Dear sir, I have done kidney transplant on 04/06/2018. but not working proper...
Male 40 , Abohar
30 1 Day Ago
Treatment for viral infection post renal transplant
My father has done his renal transplantation in nov 8th 2010. but now a days d...
Male 54 , Patna
00 20 Mins Ago
Is there any aid availiable for kidney transplantation patients to meet post operative expenses?
Is there any aid availiable for Kidney transplant patients to meet their post s...
Male 33 , Ghaziabad
01 21 Mins Ago
Hi,My Fathere is undergoing dialysis and wants to go for kidney transplant, pls suggest organ banks
Hi, My Fathere is undergoing Dialysis and planning to do Kidney transplant. ...
Male 59 , Bangalore
02 22 Mins Ago
What is the procedure regarding kidney transplant from non-relatives ?
My brother in law is patient of both kidney failure and was transplant a kidney...
Male 47 , Karim Nagar
02 22 Mins Ago
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