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Procedure: BARIATRIC /OBESITY SURGERY

ABOUT BARIATRIC /OBESITY SURGERY:

Also known as :Lap Band surgery, Weight loss surgery, Sleeve Gastrectomy, Roux-en Y Gastric Bypass surgery, Adjustable Gastric Band Surgery

This is an option for people who remain severely obese after conventional approaches to weight loss such as diet and exercise have failed, or who have an obesity-related disease. It is recommended only if BMI is at least 40 or person is at least 100 pounds more than the ideal body weight or when BMI is 35 to 40 with other serious illnesses, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, or sleep apnea, also being present.

There are various techniques/procedures as explained below –

PROCEDURE

Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass:
Under general anaesthesia, a small stomach pouch is created, limiting the food intake. The intestine is then connected to this pouch, so that food bypasses the lower stomach, the first segment of the small intestine (duodenum) and part of the second segment (jejunum). With this direct connection from the stomach to the lower segment of the small intestine, portions of the digestive tract that absorb calories and nutrients are bypassed. It is therefore considered a combined restrictive and malabsorptive procedure.

Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding:
As the name suggests, this procedure involves placing an adjustable, inflatable silicone band around the upper part of the stomach. The band is connected to a port placed in the abdominal wall, through which the diameter of the band can be adjusted. The technique makes the stomach smaller, thus restricting the amount of food intake. It requires frequent postoperative visits for band adjustments. The procedure is reversible and, if patients fail to lose adequate weight after LAGB, it can be converted to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy:
It is a restrictive procedure, where approximately 75 percent of the stomach is removed, leaving a narrow gastric sleeve. This not only restricts the amount of food intake as the person feels full even with small quantity of food but also reduces the production of hormone ghrelin thus reducing hunger.

Intragastric Ballooning:
This is a simple, non invasive procedure where an inflatable gastric balloon is endoscopically inserted and then inflated in the stomach by introducing saline into the balloon, to reduce capacity to consume large quantities of food. It is completely reversible and effective in temporarily reducing hunger, controlling food intake, and helping to achieve a target weight loss of 10 to 30kg. The Intra Gastric Balloon remains in the stomach for a six-month period and is then removed in the same way as it was placed.

DURATION

It depends on the type of procedure being done. Intragastric balloon placement may take 20-30 minutes, and is done as a day care procedure. The other surgical procedures require 2-3 hours to perform and hospital stay of 3-5 days may be needed.

RECOVERY

Routine work can be started a week or 10 days after the surgery. Strenuous activity is to be avoided for at least 6 weeks. The desired weight loss may take 6-12 months to be visible. A strict regimen of diet and exercise is to be followed as per the surgeon's and dietician's recommendation for quick recovery.

RISKS

Besides infection, bleeding, persistent vomiting, abdominal pain, etc; the complications may vary depending on the type of procedure and include abdominal hernia, leakage through staples or sutures, strictures, band slippage, ulcers in the stomach or small intestine, blood clots in the lungs or legs, inflammation of the gallbladder, etc.

All these risks are minimized if the procedure is carried out by qualified and experienced Bariatric surgeon.

HOSPITAL LIST CONDUCTING BARIATRIC /OBESITY SURGERY IN CHENNAI


(click on the hospital name to view hospital detail)

APOLLO FIRST MED HOSPITALS
154, Poonamallee High Road Kilpauk,Chennai-600010
APOLLO HOSPITAL (MAIN)
NO. 21, GREAMS LANE OFF. GREAMS ROAD
CHETTINAD HEALTH CITY
Rajiv Gandhi Salai, Kelambakkam Kanchipuram Dist
D.D. MEDICAL COLLEGE AND HOSPITAL
NO.61, D.D NAGAR BUS STOP, KUNNAVALAM POST, (CHENNAI TO TIRUPATHI NATIONAL HIGHWAYS), THIRUVALLUR
FORTIS MALAR HOSPITAL
#52, 1ST MAIN RD, GANDHI NAGAR, ADYAR
GLOBAL HOSPITAL AND HEALTH CITY
439, CHERAN NAGAR, PERUMBAKKAM, CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU
I.K.HOSPITALS
NEW NO:2, OLD NO:1911, J BLOCK, 15TH MAIN ROAD, ANNANAGAR, CHENNAI, TAMIL NADU
MADRAS MEDICAL COLLEGE AND GOVERNMENT GENERAL HOSPITAL
E.V.R Periyar Salai , Park Town
MADRAS MEDICAL MISSION
4-A, Dr. J. Jayalalitha Nagar, Mogappair,
SOORIYA HOSPITAL
No.1, Arunachalam Road, Saligramam Saligramam, Chennai 600 093, Tamil Nadu, India
SRI KUMARAN HEALTH CENTRE
# 1419-A, 200 FEET INNER RING ROAD RETTERI JUNCTION, KOLATHUR CHENNAI, TAMILNADU, INDIA.
SRI RAMACHANDRA MEDICAL CENTRE
NO.1, RAMACHANDRA NAGAR, PORUR
SUNDARAM MEDICAL FOUNDATION
Shanthi Colony, IV Avenue Annanagar
THE MADRAS INSTITUTE OF ORTHOPAEDICS AND TRAUMATOLOGY (MIOT)
4/112, Mount Poonamalle Road Manapakkam

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